Good To Know

5 Things to Know About Bullmastiffs

These dogs are intelligent, but watch out for the drool. By:

1. Key Characteristics

  • AKC Group: Working
  • Height: 25–27 inches for males; 24–26 inches for females
  • Weight: 110–130 pounds for males; 100–120 pounds for females
  • Life Expectancy: 10 years

Bullmastiffs are large, strong, powerful dogs. They are intelligent and protective. The short coat comes in colors of red, fawn and brindle.

2. Where They Came From

Evidence of Bullmastiffs dates back to the 1700s, but they are mostly known for their work in England around 1860. Poachers would target large estates and game preserves. A dog was enlisted to ward off the poachers and, if needed, attack on command.

The dogs would actually pin down the poacher and hold them without causing great harm until the gamekeeper could arrive. They could run short distances fast and quietly.

The dog was created by crossing Bulldogs (40%) and Mastiffs (60%). Dark brindle colors were desired for night work, and the dogs with this coat color were referred to as “night dogs.” The American Kennel Club added the breed in 1933.

Bullmastiffs are confident, alert and affectionate. By: Pixabay

3. How Friendly Are They?

In addition to the drooling and snoring, Bullmastiffs are intelligent, loyal, protective dogs eager to please. They are active, confident, alert yet affectionate, and tolerate children well.

They don’t bark much and can live comfortably in apartments with daily exercise.

They’re fine with other pets as long as they are properly socialized. They require obedience training with a leader who is firm but not harsh. Bullmastiffs also don’t do well in kennels.

4. Is This the Right Dog for You?

Exercise Needs


MEDIUM: While this is an active breed, the bullmastiff can receive sufficient exercise with daily walks. As long as you provide regular walks, the breed can do well in an apartment.

Bullmastiffs can gain weight easily, so monitor the food intake for these dogs.

Grooming Needs


MEDIUM: Shedding and grooming is minimal for this breed. A weekly brushing is sufficient, and you can give baths when necessary.

Check the paws regularly and trim the hair between the toes. Provide regular teeth brushing, nail clipping and ear cleaning.

Health Problems


MEDIUM: These are some of the health issues seen in the Bullmastiff breed:

  • Cancer
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Eye problems (eyelid, retinal atrophy)
  • Boils on the mouth or lips
  • Dog bloat
  • Mast cell tumors
  • Gains weight easily

This Bullmastiff is incredibly excited in this video:

5. How to Adopt One

Purebred dogs end up in shelters and rescues every day. Start your search here for adoptable Bullmastiffs, or contact a local rescue.

If you decide to buy rather than adopt, please don’t buy from a breeder unless you are confident they’re not running a puppy mill operation.

Additional Resources

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