Good To Know

Breed Profile: Pomeranian

These little dogs have big personalities. By: Sutichak Yachiangkham

1. Key Characteristics

  • AKC Group: Toy
  • Height: 7 inches–1 foot
  • Weight: 3–7 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 12–16 years

Pomeranians are compact dogs with thick double coats and large, fanned tails that lie on their back. The most popular colors are orange and red, but they come in an array of colors, patterns and variations.

2. Where They Came From

Amazingly, the Pomeranian used to be a 30-pound dog used in sheep herding in Pomerania (now Germany and Poland).

The breed wasn’t overly popular until England’s Queen Victoria brought one back from Italy in 1888. The breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club later that year.

Poms love to be the center of attention. By: Wassana S.

3. How Friendly Are They?

Extroverts, Poms like to be the center of attention. Intelligent dogs who aim to please, they can be trained in a variety of tricks.

They are also loyal and develop strong bonds with their families. Although toy breeds have a reputation of barkers, Poms bark no more or less than other dogs and, again, can be trained. They are usually affectionate, and most are good with children.

One interesting and common habit of the Pomeranian is the tendency to adopt the energy levels and copy behaviors from their people.

4. Is This the Right Dog for You?

Exercise Needs


LOW: Poms don’t need a lot of exercise, but they are energetic and require a lot of attention.

Grooming Needs


HIGH: Poms are famous for their fluffy coats and require some maintenance to keep their fur in top shape. Regular brushing, bathing every few weeks and keeping the nails trimmed are essential tasks.

Use a hypoallergenic dog shampoo and comb the fur when it’s wet (it can be more difficult when dry, but if you are in between baths, spray the fur with water and comb through).

A teeth cleaning should be performed by your veterinarian as needed, and this should not be avoided; some poms experience excessive tartar buildup.

Health Problems


MEDIUM: The most common health afflictions in these dogs include:

  • Cataracts
  • Collapsed trachea
  • Distichiasis (eyelashes grow incorrectly)
  • Shriveled ears
  • Entropion (eyelids roll inward)
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Luxating patella (knee joint problem from malformation or injury)
  • Pituitary dwarfism (cannot produce sufficient growth hormones)
  • Seizures

The best approach to Pomeranian health is prevention and recognition. Keep your veterinarian appointments, provide appropriate protection for heartworms and fleas, keep vaccinations current, feed quality food and pay attention to unusual growths, odors or facial discharges.

Learn a little more about Pomeranians in this video:

5. How to Adopt One

Pomeranians may be a little difficult to find, but check shelters and rescue organizations before you decide to contact a breeder anyway. If you do go through a breeder, make sure to do your homework and don’t end up accidentally supporting a puppy mill.

Additional Resources

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